Ontario Fire Code

Fire Protection and Prevention Act / Ontario Fire Code

The mandate of the Office of the Fire Marshal (OFM) within the Ministry of Public Safety and Security is to minimize the impact of fire and other public safety hazards and their effects on people, property and the environment. The OFM contributes to a safe environment from fire and other public safety hazards for the people of Ontario by providing leadership, education and expertise.

The Ontario Fire Code and its enabling legislation, the Fire Protection and Prevention Act establishes fire safety standards for equipment, systems, buildings, structures, lands and premises.  It is important to remember that one of the reasons behind the move to objective based codes is to maintain and, wherever possible, enhance the safety of buildings and facilities by providing fire officials with additional information to improve decisions respecting Fire Code compliance.

Fire Protection of Buildings and Facilities

The content of the Ontario Fire Code is established by the provincial government based on fire losses, risk evaluation, amendments to the National Fire Code and other factors in consultation with provincial stakeholders.  The authority for the regulation comes from the Fire Protection and Prevention Act and determines the overall scope of the code.

The scope of the Ontario Fire Code generally covers all aspects of fire safety as covered broadly in the Act.  However, provisions that are not related to fire safety cannot be regulated in the Ontario Fire Code.  In addition, the Ontario Fire Code does not apply to unoccupied portions of buildings under construction with some exceptions.

Sub-objectives, known as second level objectives and sub-sub objectives, known as third level objectives, provide even more detailed information about what the code is trying to accomplish.  For the purposes of the Ontario Fire Code, the objectives and sub-objectives must have a relationship to the consequences of fire.

In an objective-based code, every acceptable solution must be linked to at least one of the code's objectives.  Therefore, a proposal to add an acceptable solution that cannot be linked to one of the objectives will require prior consideration of the addition of another objective.

In the definitions of objectives, the terms "the buildings and facilities" refer to the buildings or facilities being assessed for compliance with the Ontario Fire Code.  Objectives for a specific code are a subset of a master list of objectives for the Ontario Fire Code and the Ontario Building Code that stem from the national model codes.  Therefore, for a specific code, there may be gaps in the numbering sequence of objectives.

Additional Information